What are stretch marks?
Stretch marks are commonly found scars on the body that look like long and narrow strips or lines developed on the skin when it shrinks or stretches quickly. These rapid changes cause the rupture of collagen and elastin which result in the appearance of stretch marks.
What are the main causes of stretch marks development?
Some common causes of stretch marks development are:
- Rapid weight gain.
- Medical condition.
- Corticosteroid use.
Pregnancy: According to Expert Centre, almost 60%-90% of pregnant women experience stretch marks during or after birth.
Puberty: It is the process of rapid growth in which the body begins to develop and change like from kid to adult. Puberty may lead to stretch marks in young people.
Rapid weight gain: Excessive weight gain in a short time period can also result in stretch marks.
Medical conditions: Some disorders like Marfan syndrome and Cushing’s syndrome may cause stretch marks.
In Marfan syndrome, a genetic disorder of connective tissues, the elasticity of skin tissues may decrease. This results in stretch marks.
In Cushing’s syndrome, the body produces too many hormones that result in weight gain. Thus, gaining excessive weight in a short period of time may lead to stretch marks.
Corticosteroid use: Use of corticosteroid creams or lotion for a long time can decrease the level of skin elasticity which increases the risk of stretch marks formation.
Which treatments are recommended for stretch marks removal?
- Stretch marks removal creams, lotions, gels, and cosmetic surgery are believed to be effective against stretch marks.
- Some people may go for opting home remedies like a massage of coconut oil, almond oil, olive oil, or vitamin E on their stretch marks. Although, according to studies home remedies have not worked 100% for stretch marks.
- Use of retinoid-like hyaluronic acid and tretinoin may work for stretch marks removal.
- A lot of people go for laser treatment for stretch marks, however, there are some other procedures commonly performed by dermatologist like
1. Chemical peel.
But none of the above-mentioned treatments can work 100% to get rid of stretch marks.
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What are the possible side-effects you experience after getting stretch marks removal treatments?
With all procedures that are used for stretch marks, the following side effects are possible:
- Minor redness.
These symptoms can fade away within a few days.
Which areas are mostly affected by stretch marks?
Other than stretch marks on thighs, some other body areas that are affected are:
What are the symptoms of stretch marks?
- Before stretch marks begin to show, the skin will become thin and pink in color. These itchy stretch marks may cause irritation.
- The long and narrow stripe-like marks initially developed as wrinkly, that can be red, reddish-brown, pink or purple in color. The color of stretch marks depends on skin color.
How do you prevent the formation of stretch marks?
It’s not possible to prevent the formation of stretch marks. However, you should consider the following points to reduce the development risk of these ugly scars from your body.
- Make sure not to gain excessive weight.
- Avoid yo-yo dieting.
- Eat a balanced diet like food rich with vitamins and minerals to support the skin.
- Drink at least 6-8 glass of water in a day.
Do stretch marks are dangerous?
No, stretch marks are not dangerous for health but can affect self-image and appearance of skin which may cause a problem of anxiety. For some people, they are a cosmetic concern that affects their day-to-day living.
How much time is required for the fading of stretch marks, naturally?
With the passage of time, they become less noticeable as it is gradually improving the process and can often take years.
Human skin has three layers. Stretch marks are formed in the middle layer of skin which is also known as the dermis. When connective tissue is stretched beyond the limit of elasticity, it results in the formation of stretch marks. It happens due to the rapid contraction of the skin.